When mining oil, we first get raw form of the energy source that has to be refined into many compounds that each find some application in life today. The oil formation process is pretty simple as dead organisms drop dead and sink deep into the earth they decay over millions of years and we end up having crude oil. The earth experiences some movement under the plates and in result the movements trap oil and natural gas between the reservoir rocks.
Oil drilling companies have contributed to making the world what it is today, without them the energy industry wouldn’t be as we know it. They are responsible for the exploration and also the extracting of this precious resource from the earth. Extraction of oil is a process that starts with geologist exploring potential mining areas and finding the location of the oil. The geologist will look for areas that will present good conditions that can trap oil. Gravilty could pin point the direction in which the oil is flowing for this reason the geologist needs to observe and measure the changes that occur in the earth’s gravity. 3D and 4D seismic imaging can also be used in the locating of oil in the reservoir rocks of the earth. This imaging is capable of sending shocks into the hidden rocks deep into the earth.
The reflections of the waves are then sent back to the surface of the earth where the geologist will then analyze them to have some results. The moment oil exploration reveals that there are good deposits of oil that can be extracted then the area is marked, if under water buoys are used and if on land they mark the coordinates. When an area has been identified , extraction does not begin right away. The geologists will conduct and present reports of environment impact and they will mark the perimeter of the area as well. The oil company will proceed to get the rights that allows them to break ground and start mining. With the rights obtained the company begins the mining by clearing the area of any vegetation that may be obstructing movement. Access roads are constructed to enable ease of moving machinery in and out of the area when needed.
Oil drilling needs water, if there is no water nearby the company has to dig wells. Disposal of the rock and mud from the drilling is necessary and that is why the company will dig pits prior for the dumping. A pit is dug around the main drilling area for easy access, after that actual drilling can begin.